Blood routine test: including red blood cell count (RBC), hemoglobin (HB), white blood cell (WBC), white blood cell classification count and platelet (PLT),
which can be divided into three systems, namely red blood cell system, white blood cell system and platelet system.
Many specific indicators in blood routine are commonly used sensitive indicators, which are sensitive to many pathological changes in the body. Among
them, white blood cell count, red blood cell count, hemoglobin and platelet have the most diagnostic reference value. Blood routine examination is a
common index to observe the treatment effect, medication or withdrawal, continued or stopped treatment, disease recurrence or recovery.
Blood biochemical test: including: liver function (total protein, albumin, globulin, WBR, total bilirubin, direct and indirect bilirubin, transaminase); Blood
lipids (total cholesterol, triglycerides, high and low density lipoprotein, apolipoprotein); Fasting blood glucose; Renal function (creatinine, urea nitrogen);
Uric acid; Lactate dehydrogenase; Creatine, creatinase, etc.
It is used for screening and confirmation of diseases and routine physical examination
Clinical significance of serum alanine aminotransferase (ALT or GPT): elevated: it is common in acute and chronic hepatitis, drug-induced liver damage,
fatty liver, liver cirrhosis, myocardial infarction, myocarditis and biliary tract diseases.
Clinical significance of serum aspartate aminotransferase (AST or got): elevated: it is common in the onset of myocardial infarction, acute and chronic
hepatitis, toxic hepatitis, cardiac insufficiency, dermatomyositis, etc.
Clinical significance: decrease of serum total protein and albumin: it is common in malignant tumors, severe tuberculosis, nutrition and absorption
disorders, liver cirrhosis, nephrotic syndrome, ulcerative colitis, burns, blood loss, etc. Especially liver disease, kidney disease is more obvious.
Clinical significance of serum triglycerides: increased: it can be inherited, dietary factors, or secondary to certain diseases, such as diabetes and
nephropathy. Decrease: common in hyperthyroidism, adrenocortical dysfunction, liver parenchymal lesions, primary b-lipoprotein deficiency and
Clinical significance of serum total cholesterol: diagnosis and classification of hyperlipidemia and abnormal lipoprotein; Judgment of risk factors
of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases, etc
Clinical significance of serum creatine kinase (CK): myocardial infarction, viral myocarditis, dermatomyositis, muscle injury, muscular dystrophy,
pericarditis, cerebrovascular accident and cardiac surgery can increase CK.
The clinical significance of serum glucose (GLU): pathological increase is common in various kinds of diabetes mellitus, chronic pancreatitis,
myocardial infarction, acromegaly, and some endocrine diseases, such as hyperthyroidism, eosinophilic adenoma of anterior pituitary, pituitary
basophilic hyperfunction, adrenal hyperfunction, etc. Intracranial hemorrhage and craniocerebral trauma also cause increased blood glucose.
Hypoglycemia: abnormal glucose metabolism, islet cell tumor, pancreatic tumor, severe liver disease, neonatal hypoglycemia, pregnancy and
lactation can cause hypoglycemia.
Clinical significance of serum creatinine (crea): elevated: common in severe renal insufficiency, various renal disorders, acromegaly, etc.
Clinical significance of serum uric acid (UA): elevated: common in gout, eclampsia, leukemia, polycythemia, multiple myeloma, acute and
chronic glomerulonephritis, severe liver disease, lead and chloroform poisoning. Decrease: it is common after drug treatment of pernicious
anemia, celiac disease and adrenocortical hormone